PA Kindergartners Becoming More Frequent
Targets of Suspension
The U.S. Department of
Education does not break down school suspensions by grade level, but
several researchers said they see anecdotal evidence that the youngest
schoolchildren are being suspended more frequently. Kindergartners
becoming more frequent targets of suspensions, researchers say. By MaryClaire Dale / Associated Press /
December 14, 2002
One hit a pregnant teacher, another exposed himself and another
stabbed a classmate with a pencil.
They've all been suspended from school this year. And they're all
In the first four months under new schools chief Paul Vallas, 33
kindergartners have been suspended from Philadelphia public schools, up
from just one during the same period last year.
"The goal is to get the parents in," said Gwen Morris, who oversees
alternative education for the 200,000-student district. "What it says is,
we have a uniform policy that everyone will be held to."
The U.S. Department of Education does not break down school suspensions by
grade level, but several researchers said they see anecdotal evidence that
the youngest schoolchildren are being suspended more frequently.
Morris believes suspensions, combined with counseling and other measures,
are an effective tool in the city's crackdown on school violence. None of
the kindergartners has been suspended a second time, she said.
"The time they spend at home together is clearly a time for them to figure
out why this is happening," Morris said.
Walter Gilliam, a child psychologist at Yale University's Child Study
Center, said he doubts young children make the connection between an
action in school and the ensuing suspension, which can last up to 10 days.
"Ten days is a lifetime to a 3-, 4- or 5-year-old," said Gilliam, who is
working on a study of preschooler suspensions. "They can't even fathom 10
days. It's like waiting for Christmas.
"I think it's a bad move, because it absolves the school from feeling that
it's necessary to deal with that problem within the school building. You
push it out to the community, you push it out to the family home, and
that's where it started to begin with," Gilliam said.
Gilliam is studying suspensions in Connecticut, where 311 kindergartners
were suspended in 1999-2000, about 92 percent of them out-of-school
Gilliam said 79 percent of Connecticut's kindergarten suspensions went to
boys, and about half involved allegations of physical violence, sexual
harassment or verbal threats.
Nearly 52 percent of the suspensions went to black kindergartners, 35.2
percent to Hispanics and 12.1 percent to whites, he said.
"Those percentages do not match the demographics of Connecticut," Gilliam
said, echoing criticism from the Rev. Jesse Jackson and others that zero
tolerance policies and other disciplinary codes are disproportionately
applied to minorities.
Among the Connecticut kindergartners, three-quarters of the suspensions
went to students from the lowest socio-economic rung, Gilliam said.
That suggests to Peg Oliveira of Connecticut Voices for Children that
low-income students are not getting high-quality preschool.
The pre-kindergarten experience probably isn't preparing them for what
they need to do before they get to kindergarten," said Oliveira, whose
child-advocacy group has researched the issue.